A Lysine Residue Essential for Geminivirus Replication Also Controls Nuclear Localization of the Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Rep Protein.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Geminiviruses are single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses that infect a wide range of plants. To promote viral replication, geminiviruses manipulate the host cell cycle. The viral protein Rep is essential to reprogram the cell cycle and then initiate viral DNA replication by interacting with a plethora of nuclear host factors. Even though many protein domains of Rep have been characterized, little is known about its nuclear targeting. Here, we show that one conserved lysine in the N-terminal part of Rep is pivotal for nuclear localization of the Rep protein from Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), with two other lysines also contributing to its nuclear import. Previous work had identified that these residues are essential for Rep from Tomato golden mosaic virus (TGMV) to interact with the E2 SUMO-conjugating enzyme (SCE1). We here show that mutating these lysines leads to nuclear exclusion of TYLCV Rep without compromising its interaction with SCE1. Moreover, the ability of TYLCV Rep to promote viral DNA replication also depends on this highly conserved lysine independently of its role in nuclear import of Rep. Our data thus reveal that this lysine potentially has a broad role in geminivirus replication, but its role in nuclear import and SCE1 binding differs depending on the Rep protein examined.IMPORTANCE Nuclear activity of the replication initiator protein (Rep) of geminiviruses is essential for viral replication. We now define that one highly conserved lysine is important for nuclear import of Rep from three different begomoviruses. To our knowledge, this is the first time that nuclear localization has been mapped for any geminiviral Rep protein. Our data add another key function to this lysine residue, besides its roles in viral DNA replication and interaction with host factors, such as the SUMO E2-conjugating enzyme.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Maio, F; Arroyo-Mateos, M; Bobay, BG; Bejarano, ER; Prins, M; van den Burg, HA

Published Date

  • May 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 93 / 10

Start / End Page

  • e01910 - e01918

PubMed ID

  • 30842320

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6498046

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-5514

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-538X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/jvi.01910-18


  • eng