Robotic Optical Coherence Tomography Retinal Imaging for Emergency Department Patients: A Pilot Study for Emergency Physicians' Diagnostic Performance.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of emergency physicians' interpretation of robotically acquired retinal optical coherence tomography images for detecting posterior eye abnormalities in patients seen in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Adult patients presenting to Duke University Hospital emergency department from November 2020 through October 2021 with acute visual changes, headache, or focal neurologic deficit(s) who received an ophthalmology consultation were enrolled in this pilot study. Emergency physicians provided standard clinical care, including direct ophthalmoscopy, at their discretion. Retinal optical coherence tomography images of these patients were obtained with a robotic, semi-autonomous optical coherence tomography system. We compared the detection of abnormalities in optical coherence tomography images by emergency physicians with a reference standard, a combination of ophthalmology consultation diagnosis and retina specialist optical coherence tomography review. RESULTS: Nine emergency physicians reviewed the optical coherence tomography images of 72 eyes from 38 patients. Based on the reference standard, 33 (46%) eyes were normal, 16 (22%) had at least 1 urgent/emergency abnormality, and the remaining 23 (32%) had at least 1 nonurgent abnormality. Emergency physicians' optical coherence tomography interpretation had 69% (95% confidence interval [CI], 49% to 89%) sensitivity for any abnormality, 100% (95% CI, 79% to 100%) sensitivity for urgent/emergency abnormalities, 48% (95% CI, 28% to 68%) sensitivity for nonurgent abnormalities, and 64% (95% CI, 44% to 84%) overall specificity. In contrast, emergency physicians providing standard clinical care did not detect any abnormality with direct ophthalmoscopy. CONCLUSION: Robotic, semi-autonomous optical coherence tomography enabled ocular imaging of emergency department patients with a broad range of posterior eye abnormalities. In addition, emergency provider optical coherence tomography interpretation was more sensitive than direct ophthalmoscopy for any abnormalities, urgent/emergency abnormalities, and nonurgent abnormalities in this pilot study with a small sample of patients and emergency physicians.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Song, A; Roh, K-M; Lusk, JB; Valikodath, NG; Lad, EM; Draelos, M; Ortiz, P; Theophanous, RG; Limkakeng, AT; Izatt, JA; McNabb, RP; Kuo, AN

Published Date

  • April 2023

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 81 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 501 - 508

PubMed ID

  • 36669908

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC10038849

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6760

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2022.10.016


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States