Overcoming psychosocial and developmental barriers to blood and marrow transplantation (BMT) in an adolescent/young adult (AYA) transgender patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia.

Journal Article (Letter)

Adolescents/young adults (AYAs) afflicted with cancer face unique barriers to potentially standard curative therapies, such as blood and marrow transplantation (BMT). Transgender AYAs face additional barriers and there is a dearth of published literature regarding their oncology-related experience. We present the case of an AYA male-to-female (MTF) transgender patient on cross-sex hormone therapy, with a history of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) and significant psychosocial barriers, which initially served as a barrier to BMT at two different centers; we modified our standard consent and education process and was able to successfully proceed with BMT and subsequently cure her CML. Despite unique challenges, AYA and transgender patients with significant psychosocial barriers may achieve successful outcomes with BMT. Research is needed regarding guidelines for cross-sex hormone therapy administration for patients undergoing BMT and other issues, which may be unique to the transgender experience.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Khazal, S; Abdel-Azim, H; Kapoor, N; Mahadeo, KM

Published Date

  • November 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 765 - 767

PubMed ID

  • 24854505

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1521-0669

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3109/08880018.2014.909914


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England