Gender Differences in Employment after Spouse's Retirement
A central characteristic of the family retirement transition is its prolonged nature, beginning with the first spouse's retirement and ending with the second spouse's retirement or the first spouse's return to work. In this article, differences in this process are examined depending on which spouse retires first. Although existing literature implies that women will retire more rapidly following a spouse's retirement, results show no overall difference in men's and women's exit or return rates. However, there are gender differences in particular subgroups of families. Couples in which the wife was employed during child rearing show smaller gender differences. In couples in which the wife was not employed during child rearing, women retire more slowly than men. © 1993, Sage Publications. All rights reserved.
Henretta, JC; O'rand, AM; Chan, CG
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