Mitral valve prolapse. Two-dimensional echocardiographic and angiographic correlation.
In order to define baseline descriptive criteria for the diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse with cross-sectional echocardiography, 49 patients undergoing catheterization were examined by a real-time, two-dimensional phased array echocardiographic imaging system. Angiography was used to separate patients into two distinct groups: 15 with normal mitral valve function and 34 with definite mitral valve prolapse. Systolic mitral leaflet and annulus motion were then observed in each patient and similarities and differences were noted between the two groups of patients. Correlative M-mode echocardiographic data were available in 37 patients. Certain two-dimensional echocardiographic findings restricted to the angiographically proven mitral valve prolapse group were defined: 1) posteriorly displaced coaptation of the leaflets, 2) systolic superior movement of one or both mitral leaflets above the level of the mitral ring, and 3) a systolic curling motion of the posterior mitral ring on its adjacent myocardium. One or more of these abnormalities were found in all 34 patients with angiographic mitral valve prolapse. When mitral valve prolapse does occur, the results of two-dimensional echocardiography would suggest that both leaflets are usually involved.
Gilbert, BW; Schatz, RA; VonRamm, OT; Behar, VS; Kisslo, JA
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