Clocking hadronization in relativistic heavy-ion collisions with balance functions
A novel state of matter has been hypothesized to exist during the early stage of relativistic heavy-ion collisions, with normal hadrons not appearing until several fm/c after the start of the reaction. To test this hypothesis, correlations between charges and their associated anticharges are evaluated with the use of balance functions. It is shown that late-stage hadronization is characterized by tightly correlated charge-anticharge pairs when measured as a function of relative rapidity. © 2000 American Physical Society.
Bass, SA; Danielewicz, P; Pratt, S
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