Modernisation: Exhumetur in pace: (Rethinking macrosociology in the 1990s)
An important challenge for macrosociology in the 1990s is to account for the cluster of social movements in different post-World War II settings, most recently those that intend structural changes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. To account for these extraordinary phenomena of historical significance calls for a new global synchronic and diachronic analysis. After discussing three major waves of these movements that have in common a challenge to the authority of the modern state, this paper proposes that ‘neo-modernisation analysis’ may be the most appropriate macro-paradigm to relate sociology to the comparative study of cycles of modernisation and of centres of modernity. It is highly relevant since many regions of the world are undergoing an important new phase of modernisation and since there may be taking place an important shift in the epicentre of modernity. State socialism is bankrupt in Eastern Europe. Governments, ruling parties, of the opposition, experts, and expert committees are desperately searching… for a new paradigm, a new social and economic model with which to launch these countries onto a new course of dynamic development. (Hankiss 1990: 183). © 1991, SAGE Publications. All rights reserved.
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