All-optical production of a degenerate Fermi gas.
We achieve degeneracy in a mixture of the two lowest hyperfine states of 6Li by direct evaporation in a CO2 laser trap, yielding the first all optically produced degenerate Fermi gas. More than 10(5) atoms are confined at temperatures below 4 microK at full trap depth, where the Fermi temperature for each state is 8 microK. This degenerate two-component mixture is ideal for exploring mechanisms of superconductivity ranging from Cooper pairing to Bose-Einstein condensation of strongly bound pairs.
Granade, SR; Gehm, ME; O'Hara, KM; Thomas, JE
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