Early assessment of myocardial salvage by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.
BACKGROUND: Myocardial salvage after acute myocardial infarction is defined clinically by early restoration of flow and long-term improvement in contractile function. We hypothesized that contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), performed early after myocardial infarction, indexes myocardial salvage. We studied the relationship between the transmural extent of hyperenhancement by contrast-enhanced MRI, restoration of flow, and recovery of function. METHODS AND RESULTS: The left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in dogs (n=15) for either 45 minutes, 90 minutes, or permanently. Cine and contrast-enhanced MRI were performed 3 days after the procedure; cine MRI was also done 10 and 28 days after the procedure. The transmural extent of hyperenhancement and wall thickening were determined using a 60-segment model. The mean transmural extent of hyperenhancement for the 45-minute occlusion group was 22% of the 90-minute group and 18% of the permanent occlusion group (P:<0.05 for both). The transmural extent of hyperenhancement on day 3 was related to future improvement in both wall thickening score and absolute wall thickening at 10 and 28 days (P:<0.0001 for each). For example, of the 415 segments on day 3 that were dysfunctional and had <25% transmural hyperenhancement, 362 (87%) improved by day 28. Conversely, no segments (0 of 9) with 100% hyperenhancement improved. The transmural extent of hyperenhancement on day 3 was a better predictor of improvement in contractile function than occlusion time (P:<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: A reduction in the transmural extent of hyperenhancement by contrast-enhanced MRI early after myocardial infarction is associated with an early restoration of flow and future improvement in contractile function.
Hillenbrand, HB; Kim, RJ; Parker, MA; Fieno, DS; Judd, RM
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