Endoscopic balloon dilation of esophageal strictures in children.
A total of 17 patients, ages 3 weeks to 14 1/2 years, had 20 esophageal strictures develop after repair of esophageal atresia (9 strictures); primary gastroesophageal reflux (3 strictures); Nissen fundoplication (4 strictures); epidermolysis bullosa congenita dystrophica (1 stricture); congenital esophageal stenosis (2 strictures); or colonic interposition (1 stricture). These strictures were treated with 132 endoscopic balloon catheter dilations (average, 6.6/patient, range, 1 to 24) during a period of 42 months (average, 8 months; range, 2 to 42 months). Fifteen of the 17 patients are now asymptomatic. Thirteen of the 17 patients had documented reflux esophagitis and were also medically treated. The two residually symptomatic patients included a patient with severe proximal esophagitis secondary to epidermolysis bullosa congenita dystrophica who had only a temporary response to dilations and another patient with a tight Nissen fundoplication who did not improve after dilation but is now asymptomatic after corrective surgery. The 10 patients with tracheoesophageal fistula repair were asymptomatic within 3 to 21 months (average, 10.8 months). Only one patient had perforation develop as a result of the procedure. Sixteen of 17 patients had the procedures performed as outpatients. All patients were given oral feedings throughout the course of dilation and had normal growth.
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