A pattern-oriented approach to splenic imaging in infants and children.

Published

Journal Article

The spleen in infants and children is commonly involved in a variety of pathologic processes. Some of these processes cause isolated splenic disease, whereas others involve the spleen as part of a systemic illness. To facilitate differential diagnosis of splenic abnormalities, a pattern-oriented approach to the imaging evaluation of the pediatric spleen was developed. With this approach, splenic anomalies are categorized as anomalies of splenic shape (clefts, notches, lobules), location (eg, wandering spleen), number (polysplenia, asplenia), or size (splenomegaly, splenic atrophy); solitary lesions (eg, cysts, lymphangiomas, hemangiomas, hamartomas); multiple focal lesions (eg, trauma, infection and inflammation, neoplasms, storage disorders); and diffuse disease without focal lesions (eg, infarction, heavy metal deposition, hemangioendotheliomas, peliosis). A variety of imaging modalities can be used in splenic assessment, including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and technetium-99m scintigraphy. The imaging appearance of the pediatric spleen depends on the patient's age and the modality used; however, familiarity with the spectrum of radiologic patterns of splenic involvement will facilitate correct diagnosis and prompt treatment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Paterson, A; Frush, DP; Donnelly, LF; Foss, JN; O'Hara, SM; Bisset, GS

Published Date

  • November 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1465 - 1485

PubMed ID

  • 10555669

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10555669

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0271-5333

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1148/radiographics.19.6.g99no231465

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States