Structure of the crystalline bilayer in the subgel phase of dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol.
The structure of the subgel phase of dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (DPPG) has been analyzed by X-ray diffraction techniques. Diffraction recorded from highly oriented DPPG specimens in the subgel phase extends to 2-A resolution. There are sharp lamellar reflections on the meridian, and other reflections lie on a series of wide-angle lattice lines parallel to the meridian and crossing the equator in the range of 8-2 A. The wide-angle lattice lines consist of radially sharp reflections centered on the equator of the X-ray film and also a series of broader, off-equatorial maxima. The lattice lines indicate that the DPPG molecules in each bilayer crystallize in a two-dimensional oblique lattice with dimensions a = 5.50 A, b = 7.96 A, and gamma = 100.5 degrees. These oblique lattices are not regularly aligned from bilayer to bilayer. Analysis of the lamellar diffraction shows that the bilayer has about the same thickness in the subgel and gel (L beta') phases. In the direction normal to the hydrocarbon chains, the chains are significantly closer together in the subgel phase as compared to the normal L beta' gel phase but have about the same separation as the chains in polyethylene and the crystalline n-alkanes. The bilayer thickness, area per lipid molecule, and intensity distribution along the lattice lines all indicate that in the subgel phase the hydrocarbon chains are tilted between 30 and 35 degrees from the normal to the bilayer plane.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Blaurock, AE; McIntosh, TJ
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