Gelation of liposome interior. A novel method for drug encapsulation.
Liposomes can be loaded with weak acids and bases, which exist in solutions in equilibrium with membrane permeable uncharged form, using various gradients across their membranes. Because in some cases the estimated drug concentration in the loaded liposomes exceeds their aqueous solubility we investigated the physical state of the liposome encapsulated anticancer drug Doxorubicin. X-Ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and test tube solubility experiments have shown that upon encapsulation the drug molecules form a gel-like phase.
Lasic, DD; Frederik, PM; Stuart, MC; Barenholz, Y; McIntosh, TJ
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