Effects of phenylamide herbicides on the physical properties of phosphatidylcholine membranes.

Published

Journal Article

A number of phenylamide herbicides are observed to uncouple electron transport in isolated chloroplasts and mitochondria and alter the H+ permeability of artificial liposomes. Several of these phenylamides were incorporated into phosphatidylcholine multilamellar and small unilamellar vesicles to measure their effects on the physical properties of membranes. X-ray diffraction analysis of the multilamellar vesicles revealed that the herbicides partitioned into the hydrocarbon chain region of the bilayer, but caused only minimal perturbations on hydrocarbon chain packing. 31P-NMR spectroscopy of these multilamellar vesicles showed both a broadening and lowering of the phase transition temperature of the bilayer lipids upon addition of the herbicides. 13C-NMR spectroscopy of small, unilamellar phosphatidylcholine vesicles was performed to measure the effects of the phenylamides on the chemical shifts and the spin-lattice relaxation times of the individual phosphatidylcholine carbon atoms. None of the added compounds had any measurable effect on the 13C-NMR chemical shifts of the phosphatidylcholine. However, the herbicides significantly modified spin-lattice relaxation times of certain of the lipid carbon atoms. These results generally indicate that the herbicides orient in the lipid bilayers such that the hydrocarbon chains of the phenylamides associate with the hydrocarbon chains of the lipid, whereas the phenyl moiety resides in the polar region of the bilayer.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Stidham, MA; Siedow, JN; McIntosh, TJ; Porter, NA; Moreland, DE

Published Date

  • February 14, 1985

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 812 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 721 - 730

PubMed ID

  • 3970904

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3970904

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-3002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0005-2736(85)90266-4

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands