Helix lap-joints as ion-binding sites: DNA-binding motifs and Ca-binding "EF hands" are related by charge and sequence reversal.

Journal Article

The DNA-binding helix pairs in gene repressor and activator proteins were compared with other approximately perpendicular pairs of adjacent helices in the known protein structures. Two other examples of closely matching conformations were found in cytochrome c peroxidase (residues 153-174) and in ribosomal L7/L12 protein (residues 68-89). Another group of such offset "lap-joints" are the Ca-binding "EF hand" structures, which bind a positive rather than a negative ligand. The EF hands turn out to match the DNA-binding motifs quite well (outside of the loop) if their sequence direction is reversed. This conformation is thus not as unusual as had been thought, but may have a more generalized role in ion binding and occasionally occur in a purely structural role.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Richardson, JS; Richardson, DC

Published Date

  • 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 4 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 229 - 239

PubMed ID

  • 2855370

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2855370

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0887-3585

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/prot.340040402


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States