Nuclide imaging of vascular graft-platelet interactions: comparison of indium excess and technetium subtraction techniques.
Indium-111-labeled platelet adherence to ePTFE thoracoabdominal vascular prostheses in a canine model (n = 10) was quantitated by (1) an indium-111 excess technique, contrasting graft radioactivity to that in a reference region, and (2) a technetium-99m subtraction technique, with radioactivity of circulating platelets eliminated by discounting background blood activity. Variation in graft thrombogenicity was provided by seeding six prostheses with enzymatically derived autologous endothelial cells, and implanting four prostheses without seeding. Grafts were imaged at 1, 4, and 6 weeks postimplantation, with platelet labeling using indium-111-oxine and red blood cell labeling using technetium-99m. At 7 weeks grafts were excised and gamma activity was measured in proximal, middle, and distal segments. Luminal generation of TxB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha from midportions of grafts was assayed. Indium-111 excess ratios at 6 weeks correlated with actual gamma activity of excised grafts (proximal r = 0.80, P less than 0.01; middle r = 0.73, P less than 0.05; distal r = 0.48, ns) but such a correlation did not exist for the technetium-99m subtraction technique (r = -0.05, -0.25, and 0.16, in the three segments, respectively, all ns). The ratio of graft to aortic TxB2 production revealed a positive correlation with graft gamma activity (r = 0.87, P less than 0.01), and the ratio of graft 6-keto-PGF1 alpha to TxB2 production also correlated with gamma counts (r = -0.64, P = 0.05). In this experimental setting technetium-99m subtraction analysis was an imprecise method of detecting graft platelet accumulation, whereas indium-111 excess ratios proved to be a more accurate method of quantitating vascular prosthetic thrombogenicity.
Wakefield, TW; Lindblad, B; Graham, LM; Whitehouse, WM; Ripley, SD; Petry, NA; Spaulding, SA; Burkel, WE; Stanley, JC
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