Ankyrin regulation: an alternatively spliced segment of the regulatory domain functions as an intramolecular modulator.
This study of two forms of ankyrin (protein 2.1 and 2.2) from human erythrocytes has revealed a role for alternate exon usage at the level of regulation of protein interactions. The smaller form of ankyrin (protein 2.2), which lacks a portion of the regulatory domain due to alternative splicing of pre-mRNA, exhibits increased affinity for the cytoplasmic domain of the anion exchanger, spectrin, and tubulin. Direct evidence that at least one of these associations is modulated by the alternatively spliced segment of the regulatory domain is provided by experiments utilizing a polypeptide that is comprised of residues 1513-1674 corresponding to the portion of the regulatory domain missing from protein 2.2. Addition of this regulatory domain polypeptide to binding assays reversed the increase in affinity of protein 2.2 for the anion exchanger. The inhibitory activity of the regulatory domain polypeptide in these assays is accompanied by a direct interaction with a site that is available on the smaller form of ankyrin and is distinct from the binding site for the anion exchanger. These results support the idea that the alternatively spliced segment within the regulatory domain of erythrocyte ankyrin performs a repressor function and acts through an allosteric mechanism involving interaction(s) at a site separate from the binding site for the anion exchanger.
Davis, LH; Davis, JQ; Bennett, V
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