Brain ankyrin. Purification of a 72,000 Mr spectrin-binding domain.
Polypeptides of Mr = 190,000-220,000 that cross-react with erythrocyte ankyrin were detected in immunoblots of membranes from pig lens, pig brain, and rat liver. The cross-reacting polypeptides from brain were cleaved by chymotrypsin to fragments of Mr = 95,000 and 72,000 which are the same size as fragments obtained with erythrocyte ankyrin. The brain 72,000 Mr fragment associated with erythrocyte spectrin, and the binding occurred at the same site as that of erythrocyte ankyrin 72,000 Mr fragment since (a) brain 72,000 Mr fragment was adsorbed to erythrocyte spectrin-agarose and (b) 125I-labeled erythrocyte spectrin bound to brain 72,000 Mr fragment following transfer of the fragment from a sodium dodecyl sulfate gel to nitrocellulose paper, and this binding was displaced by erythrocyte ankyrin 72,000 Mr fragment. Brain 72,000 Mr fragment was purified about 400-fold by selective extraction and by continuous chromatography on columns attached in series containing DEAE-cellulose followed by erythrocyte spectrin coupled to agarose, and finally hydroxylapatite. The brain 72,000 Mr fragment was not derived from contaminating erythrocytes since peptide maps of pig brain and pig erythrocyte 72,000 Mr fragments were distinct. The amount of brain 72,000 Mr fragment was estimated as 0.28% of membrane protein or 39 pmol/mg based on radioimmunoassay with 125I-labeled brain fragment and antibody against erythrocyte ankyrin. Brain spectrin tetramer was present in about the same number of copies (30 pmol/mg of membrane protein) based on densitometry of Coomassie blue-stained sodium dodecyl sulfate gels. The binding site on brain spectrin for both brain and erythrocyte ankyrin 72,000 Mr fragments was localized by electron microscopy to the midregion of spectrin tetramers about 90 nM from the near end and 110 nM from the far end. These studies demonstrate the presence in brain membranes of a protein closely related to erythrocyte ankyrin, and are consistent with a function of the brain ankyrin as a membrane attachment site for brain spectrin.
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