Long-term survival of nasopharyngeal carcinoma following concomitant radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate long-term survival of nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with concomitant chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CCRT) followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS AND PATIENTS: One hundred and seven patients with Stage III and IV (American Joint Committee on Cancer, AJCC, 1988) nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) were treated with concomitant chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CCRT) followed by adjuvant chemotherapy between April 1990 and December 1997 in Koo Foundation Sun Yat-Sen Cancer Center, Taipei. The dose of radiation was 70 Gray (Gy) given in 35 fractions, 5 fractions per week. Two courses of chemotherapy, consisting of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil, were delivered simultaneously with radiotherapy in Weeks 1 and 6 and two additional monthly courses were given after radiotherapy. According to the AJCC 1997 staging system, 32 patients had Stage II disease, 44 had Stage III, and 31 had Stage IV disease. RESULTS: With median follow-up of 44 months, the 5-year overall survival rate in all 107 patients was 84.1%, disease-free survival rate was 74.4%, and locoregional control rate was 89.8%. The 3-year overall survival for Stage II was 100%, for Stage III it was 92.8%, and for Stage IV, 69. 4% (p = 0.0002). The 3-year disease-free survival for Stage II was 96.9%, for Stage III it was 87.7%, and for Stage IV it was 51.9% (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: CCRT and adjuvant chemotherapy is effective in Taiwanese patients with advanced NPC. The prognosis of AJCC 1997 Stage II and III disease is excellent, but, for Stage IV (M0), it is relatively poor. Future strategies of therapy should focus on high-risk AJCC 1997 Stage IV (M0) cohort.
Cheng, SH; Jian, JJ; Tsai, SY; Yen, KL; Chu, NM; Chan, KY; Tan, TD; Cheng, JC; Leu, SY; Hsieh, CY; Huang, AT
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