Etoposide, cyclophosphamide and fractionated total body irradiation as a preparative regimen for marrow transplantation in patients with advanced hematological malignancies: a phase I study.
Thirty-seven patients with advanced hematologic malignancy were entered into a phase I study designed to define a maximum tolerable dose (MTD) of etoposide (VP-16) and cyclophosphamide (CY) combined with 12 Gy fractionated total body irradiation (TBI) as preparation for marrow transplantation from an HLA-identical sibling (n = 13) or with cryopreserved autologous marrow (n = 24). Dose levels ranged from 36 mg/kg of VP-16 combined with 67 mg/kg of CY to 52 mg/kg of VP-16 combined with 103 mg/kg of CY followed by 12 Gy TBI. The MTD for allogeneic marrow recipients was 36 mg/kg of VP-16 + 52 mg/kg of CY followed by 12 Gy TBI and for autologous marrow recipients 44 mg/kg of VP-16 + 103 mg/kg CY followed by 12 Gy TBI. Pulmonary and liver toxicities were dose limiting. All of 31 evaluable patients transplanted in relapse achieved a complete remission. However, in all but three of these patients the disease relapsed 28-899 (median 110) days post-transplant. Currently, six of 24 autologous marrow recipients are surviving, three in remission 256, 340 and 764 days post-transplant. None of 12 allogeneic marrow recipients have survived. In conclusion, a preparative regimen combining 44 mg/kg of VP-16 + 103 mg/kg CY followed by 12 Gy TBI is well tolerated by autologous marrow recipients and 36 mg/kg VP-16 + 67 mg/kg CY followed by 12 Gy TBI is well tolerated by allogeneic marrow recipients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Petersen, FB; Buckner, CD; Appelbaum, FR; Sanders, JE; Bensinger, WI; Storb, R; Deeg, HJ; Witherspoon, RP; Sullivan, KM; Clift, RA
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