Autologous marrow transplantation for malignant lymphoma: a report of 101 cases from Seattle.
Between October 1979 and January 1988, 101 patients with malignant lymphoma who failed initial induction treatment or relapsed received high-dose combination chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy followed by infusion of autologous bone marrow. Twenty-eight of the 101 patients survive, 18 of whom are disease-free for a median of 26 (range, 12 to 66) months. The 5-year actuarial probabilities of survival, event-free survival (EFS), and relapse from transplantation were 20%, 11%, and 84%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the likelihood of EFS was decreased among patients transplanted with a Karnofsky score of less than 80%. Recurrent lymphoma after transplant was the most important cause of treatment failure with 36 of 62 relapses occurring within 100 days from marrow infusion. Early, but not late relapse, was more frequent in patients transplanted for advanced lymphoma, and both early and late relapses were increased among patients with impaired pretransplant clinical performance or high-grade histology of lymphoma. Ten patients who relapsed post-transplant are alive, seven in remission. Further improvement of these results will require earlier transplantation, improved preparative regimens, or early posttransplant therapy.
Petersen, FB; Appelbaum, FR; Hill, R; Fisher, LD; Bigelow, CL; Sanders, JE; Sullivan, KM; Bensinger, WI; Witherspoon, RP; Storb, R
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