The actin-binding protein profilin binds to PIP2 and inhibits its hydrolysis by phospholipase C.

Published

Journal Article

Profilin is generally thought to regulate actin polymerization, but the observation that acidic phospholipids dissociate the complex of profilin and actin raised the possibility that profilin might also regulate lipid metabolism. Profilin isolated from platelets binds with high affinity to small clusters of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) molecules in micelles and also in bilayers with other phospholipids. The molar ratio of the complex of profilin with PIP2 is 1:7 in micelles of pure PIP2 and 1:5 in bilayers composed largely of other phospholipids. Profilin competes efficiently with platelet cytosolic phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C for interaction with the PIP2 substrate and thereby inhibits PIP2 hydrolysis by this enzyme. The cellular concentrations and binding characteristics of these molecules are consistent with profilin being a negative regulator of the phosphoinositide signaling pathway in addition to its established function as an inhibitor of actin polymerization.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Goldschmidt-Clermont, PJ; Machesky, LM; Baldassare, JJ; Pollard, TD

Published Date

  • March 1, 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 247 / 4950

Start / End Page

  • 1575 - 1578

PubMed ID

  • 2157283

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2157283

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.2157283

Language

  • eng