The control of actin nucleotide exchange by thymosin beta 4 and profilin. A potential regulatory mechanism for actin polymerization in cells.


Journal Article

We present evidence for a new mechanism by which two major actin monomer binding proteins, thymosin beta 4 and profilin, may control the rate and the extent of actin polymerization in cells. Both proteins bind actin monomers transiently with a stoichiometry of 1:1. When bound to actin, thymosin beta 4 strongly inhibits the exchange of the nucleotide bound to actin by blocking its dissociation, while profilin catalytically promotes nucleotide exchange. Because both proteins exchange rapidly between actin molecules, low concentrations of profilin can overcome the inhibitory effects of high concentrations of thymosin beta 4 on the nucleotide exchange. These reactions may allow variations in profilin concentration (which may be regulated by membrane polyphosphoinositide metabolism) to control the ratio of ATP-actin to ADP-actin. Because ATP-actin subunits polymerize more readily than ADP-actin subunits, this ratio may play a key regulatory role in the assembly of cellular actin structures, particularly under circumstances of rapid filament turnover.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Goldschmidt-Clermont, PJ; Furman, MI; Wachsstock, D; Safer, D; Nachmias, VT; Pollard, TD

Published Date

  • September 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1015 - 1024

PubMed ID

  • 1330091

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1330091

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-4586

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1059-1524

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1091/mbc.3.9.1015


  • eng