Interpersonal and achievement concerns and the depressive vulnerability and symptom specificity hypotheses: A prospective study

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Some studies suggest that excessive interpersonal and achievement concerns (1) create vulnerability to depression in response to specifically congruent negative stressors, and (2) are related to specific constellations of symptoms among subjects who are depressed. We tested both hypotheses together in one prospective study of students, using Beck's Sociotropy and Autonomy scales, a measure of life events, and self-reported depressive symptoms. Both sociotropy and autonomy were associated with stronger relations between events and depression, but evidence for domain-specific congruence was weak. The specific symptoms hypothesis was supported for both sociotropy and autonomy. We also used Blatt's Dependency and Self-Criticism scales in testing this hypothesis. Dependency showed specificity, but self-criticism was associated with both predicted and nonpredicted depressive symptoms. The findings are discussed in the context of measurement issues and research directions in interpersonal and achievement concerns and psychopathology. © 1995 Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Robins, CJ; Hayes, AM; Block, P; Kramer, RJ; Villena, M

Published Date

  • February 1, 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 1 - 20

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-2819

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0147-5916

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/BF02229673

Citation Source

  • Scopus