Accelerated development of immunity following transplantation of maternal marrow stem cells into infants with severe combined immunodeficiency and transplacentally acquired lymphoid chimerism.
Transplacentally acquired lymphoid chimerism was detected in two infants with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) by two-colour cytofluorographic studies. These cells had no demonstrable function in studies in vitro. Following T cell-depleted maternal bone marrow stem cell transplantation, evidence of T cell function was detected 20 and 50 days later, and transient B cell function was detected 50 days later. These immune functions appeared much sooner than the 90-120 days usually required for T cell function and the 2-2.5 years for B cell function to develop after haplo-identical stem cell transplants into SCID infants without transplacental engraftment. The presence of maternal lymphoid chimerism did not interfere with haplo-identical marrow cell engraftment, even though no pre-transplant immunosuppression was given. This observation suggests that the transplanted maternal marrow stem cell in some way conferred reactivity on the engrafted but apparently non-functional mature T cells that had entered the fetal circulation transplacentally.
Barrett, MJ; Buckley, RH; Schiff, SE; Kidd, PC; Ward, FE
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