Mechanism of pokeweed mitogen inhibition of rhIL-4-induced human IgE synthesis.
Pokeweed mitogen (PWM) suppressed rhIL-4-induced IgE synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner. When rhIL-4 was present from Day 0, PWM added to cultures on Day 0 or 3 inhibited MNC IgE synthesis but not when it was added on Day 6 or later. The concentration of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in MNC culture supernatants varied directly with the quantity of PWM added. Conversely, rhIL-4-stimulated MNC culture IgE concentrations varied inversely with the dose of PWM added and the IFN-gamma concentrations induced. The addition of a rabbit polyclonal neutralizing anti-human IFN-gamma antibody to rhIL-4 plus PWM-stimulated cultures partially or completely reversed PWM-induced inhibition of rhIL-4-induced IgE synthesis. PWM failed to inhibit rhIL-4-induced IgE synthesis by isolated B cells cocultured with monocytes and T cells from a clone unable to produce IFN-gamma message or protein. These findings are consistent with the postulate that PWM inhibits rhIL-4-induced IgE synthesis by inducing the production of IFN-gamma.
Claassen, JL; Levine, AD; Buckley, RH
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