Molecular cloning, stable expression and desensitization of the human dopamine D1b/D5 receptor.
The sub-family of dopamine D1-like receptors is now known to be comprised of at least two members: the originally cloned D1 receptor (herein referred to as the D1a receptor) and a related receptor referred to as the D1b, D1 beta or D5 dopamine receptor (herein referred to as the D1b/D5 receptor). Here, we characterize the D1b/D5 receptor expressed transiently in COS-7 cells and permanently in Ltk- cells. Transiently expressed human D1b/D5 receptors bind the D1 specific ligand [125I]SCH 23982 saturably and with high affinity (KD = 500 pM). Competition for [125I]SCH 23982 binding to rat D1b/D5 and human D1a and D1b/D5 receptors supports the contention that the two D1b/D5 receptors are species homologues. Furthermore, in COS-7 cells, as previously observed, dopamine competes for the binding of [125I]SCH 23982 to human D1b/D5 receptors with a higher affinity than that seen at the human D1a receptor. These results are similar to those seen in Ltk- cells permanently transfected with the human D1b/D5 receptor. In these cells, dopamine competition for [125I]SCH 23982 binding is complex, sensitive to guanine nucleotides and of a higher affinity than that observed for dopamine binding to the human D1a receptor expressed in these same cells. In both D1a and D1b/D5 expressing Ltk- cells, dopamine stimulates adenylyl cyclase with an EC50 of approximately 200 nM. Furthermore, preincubation of Ltk- cells expressing the D1a and D1b/D5 receptors with dopamine results in desensitization of the response of adenylyl cyclase to subsequent agonist stimulation.
Jarvie, KR; Tiberi, M; Silvia, C; Gingrich, JA; Caron, MG
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