Inhibition of the beta-adrenergic receptor kinase by polyanions.
The beta-adrenergic receptor kinase, which specifically phosphorylates the agonist-occupied beta-adrenergic receptor, is strongly inhibited by polyanions. Heparin and dextran sulfate inhibit the enzyme with an IC50 of approximately 0.15 microM. De-N-sulfated heparin is approximately 8-fold less potent. Other acid mucopolysaccharides such as heparan sulfate and chondroitin sulfates B and C are also less effective. Polyaspartic and polyglutamic acid also inhibit with IC50 values of 1.3-2 microM. Inositol hexasulfate, with an IC50 of 13 microM is approximately 270-fold more potent than inositol hexaphosphate implicating the sulfate group as a major determinant of the inhibition. The inhibition by heparin is competitive with substrate and of mixed type with respect to ATP. Polycations also inhibit receptor phosphorylation by beta-adrenergic receptor kinase. Polylysine is more effective with an IC50 of 69 microM, while spermine (990 microM) and spermidine (2570 microM) are less potent. Polylysine, spermine, and spermidine are also able to block effectively the inhibition by heparin. The identification of compounds which specifically inhibit beta-adrenergic receptor kinase should prove useful in further defining the biological role of this enzyme.
Benovic, JL; Stone, WC; Caron, MG; Lefkowitz, RJ
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