The cardiac beta-adrenergic receptor. Structural similarities of beta 1 and beta 2 receptor subtypes demonstrated by photoaffinity labeling.
The beta-adrenergic receptor photoaffinity ligand p-azido-m-[125I]iodobenzylcarazolol has been used to covalently label the beta 1 and beta 2 adrenergic receptor binding subunits present in left ventricular myocardial membranes derived from mammalian (including human) and nonmammalian species. Covalent incorporation of the photoaffinity ligand into membrane proteins was followed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In the case of the human, canine, porcine, rabbit, and rat left ventricle, all of which contain predominantly or exclusively beta 1-adrenergic receptors, two peptides of Mr approximately equal to 62,000 (major component) and Mr approximately equal to 55,000 (minor component) were specifically labeled and visualized by autoradiography. Photoincorporation into these two bands could be blocked with the appropriate drugs to display a beta 1-adrenergic receptor pharmacological specificity. Simultaneous sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of samples from each species revealed that all of the Mr = 62,000 peptides co-migrated suggesting similarity in the beta 1-adrenergic receptor binding subunit peptides in all of these species. The minor component Mr approximately equal to 55,000 appears to be a proteolytic degradation product of the Mr = to 62,000 peptide. Its formation could be decreased by proteinase inhibitors. This suggests that the heterogeneity of the labeling pattern observed in mammalian tissues in this and previous studies may be the result of proteolytic degradation of the receptor subunit which occurs during membrane preparation. Photoaffinity labeling of frog ventricular membranes which contain predominantly beta 2-adrenergic receptors also revealed two peptides of Mr approximately equal to 62,000 (major component) and 55,000 (minor component) with the pharmacological selectivity of a beta 2-adrenergic receptor. These data suggest marked similarities in the beta 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptor binding subunits of different species and suggest that the pharmacological subtype might be determined by the detailed structure, i.e. amino acid sequence, at the ligand binding sites of the receptor peptide.
Stiles, GL; Strasser, RH; Lavin, TN; Jones, LR; Caron, MG; Lefkowitz, RJ
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