High inhibitory activity of a new antiestrogen, RU 16117 (11alpha-methoxy ethinyl estradiol), on the development of dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary tumors.
From the first day of dimethylbenzanthracene administration, daily treatment with 8 or 24 mug of the new antiestrogen 11alpha-methoxy ethinyl estradiol (RU 16117) completely prevented the appearance of mammary tumors in all animals up to the last time interval studied (130 days after dimethyl benzanthracene administration). At daily doses of 0.5 and 2.0 mug RU 16117, the tumor incidence was reduced to 78.6 and 40%, respectively. Not only was the number of animals developing tumors reduced after injection of low doses of RU 16117, but the number of tumors per rat and the size of tumors were also markedly reduced. The levels of receptors for estradiol, progesterone, and prolactin in tumor tissue were reduced after treatment with 2.0 mug RU 16117, while the binding of growth hormone and insulin was not affected. Whereas plasma luteinizing hormone levels decreased after treatment with 8 or 24 mug RU 16117, plasma prolactin levels slightly increased in animals receiving the highest dose of the antiestrogen. It is thus likely that the potent inhibitory effect of RU 16117 on the development of dimethylbenzanthracene-induced mammary tumors results from actions at both the hypothalamic-pituitary and the tumor (mammary gland) levels, the action at the peripheral level possibly being secondary to a reduced sensitivity of the tissue to circulating hormones through lowering of hormone receptor concentrations.
Kelly, PA; Asselin, J; Caron, MG; Raynaud, JP; Labrie, F
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