Photoaffinity labeling of the D2-dopamine receptor using a novel high affinity radioiodinated probe.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The ligand binding subunit of the D2 subtype of the dopamine receptor has been identified by photoaffinity labeling. In order to develop a specific covalent receptor probe, an analogue of the potent D2 selective antagonist spiperone, N-(p-aminophenethyl)spiperone (NAPS) has been synthesized. The aminophenethyl substituent of NAPS can be radioiodinated to theoretical specific radioactivity (2,175 Ci/mmol) and then the arylamine group converted to an arylazide to yield a photosensitive probe [( 125I]N3-NAPS). In rat striatal membranes, the nonradiolabeled azide probe (N3-NAPS) binds to the receptor with high affinity (KD congruent to 1.6 +/- 0.05 nM) and upon photoactivation irreversibly decreases the number of available receptors in these membranes as measured by [3H]spiperone binding. More importantly, however, incubation of rat striatal membranes with [125I]N3-NAPS leads to the photodependent covalent incorporation of the probe into a peptide of Mr = 94,000 as assessed by autoradiography of gels after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Labeling of this Mr = 94,000 peptide can be blocked specifically and stereoselectively by dopaminergic antagonists such as (+)- and (-)-butaclamol but not by non-dopaminergic antagonists. Moreover, dopaminergic agonists also attenuate the covalent labeling of this peptide with an order of potency which is typically D2-dopaminergic. Therefore, the specificity of [125I]N3-NAPS labeling of the Mr = 94,000 peptide suggests that this peptide represents the ligand binding subunit of the D2-dopamine receptor.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Amlaiky, N; Caron, MG

Published Date

  • February 25, 1985

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 260 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1983 - 1986

PubMed ID

  • 2579064

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States