Purification and characterization of the D2-dopamine receptor from bovine anterior pituitary.
The D2-dopamine receptor from bovine anterior pituitary has been purified approximately 33,000-fold to apparent homogeneity by sequential use of affinity chromatography on immobilized carboxymethyleneoximinospiperone-Sepharose, Datura stramonium lectin-agarose, and hydroxylapatite chromatography. The purification yields a single polypeptide band of Mr approximately 120,000 on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed by labeling with radioiodinated Bolton-Hunter reagent, Coomassie Blue, or silver staining. The purified D2 receptor preparations display a specific activity of approximately 5.3 nmol of [3H]spiperone bound per mg of protein. In detergent solutions, the purified receptor has a KD for [3H]spiperone of 5-8 nM; however, after reinsertion of the purified protein into phospholipid vesicles, a KD of approximately 160 pM is obtained, similar to that found for the receptor in crude membrane preparations. Several lines of evidence document that this polypeptide contains the ligand binding site as well as the functional activity of the D2 receptor. The Mr approximately 120,000 peptide can be covalently labeled by the affinity probe, 125I-bromoacetyl-N-(p-aminophenethyl)spiperone, with the pharmacological specificity expected of a D2-dopamine receptor. Agonist and antagonist ligands compete for [3H]spiperone binding to purified receptors in phospholipid vesicles with a rank order of potency and selectivity typical of a D2-dopamine receptor. Moreover, when reinserted into phospholipid vesicles with purified brain Gi/Go, the purified D2 receptors mediate the agonist stimulation of 35S-labeled guanosine 5'-O-(thiotriphosphate) binding to brain G-proteins with a typical D2-dopaminergic order of potency. These data suggest that we have purified an intact functional D2-dopamine receptor.
Senogles, SE; Amlaiky, N; Falardeau, P; Caron, MG
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