Agonist binding promotes a guanine nucleotide reversible increase in the apparent size of the bovine anterior pituitary dopamine receptors.
Dopamine receptors, solubilized from bovine anterior pituitary membranes with the detergent digitonin, retained a typical dopaminergic specificity for the binding of both agonists and antagonists. The affinities of antagonists for binding to the soluble receptors are virtually identical with those observed with the membrane-bound receptors. The affinities of agonists however, correspond to those for the form of the receptors in the membranes having low affinity for those agonists (De Lean, A., Kilpatrick, B. F., and Caron, M. G. (1982) Mol. Pharmacol. 22, 290-297). Thus, after solubilization, agonist high affinity interactions with the receptor and their sensitivity to modulation by guanine nucleotides are lost. However, high affinity agonist binding and its sensitivity to guanine nucleotides can be preserved if the membrane-bound receptors are prelabeled with the agonist [3H]n-propylapomorphine prior to solubilization. In order to investigate the molecular basis for these changes in the properties of agonist binding, the solubilized receptors were characterized by chromatographic procedures. Using molecular exclusion high pressure liquid chromatography, [3H]n-propylapomorphine-prelabeled receptors elute as an apparent larger molecular species than either unlabeled or antagonist [( 3H]spiroperidol)-pre-labeled receptors. Moreover, incubation of the pooled agonist-prelabeled receptor peak with guanine nucleotides effects a decrease in the apparent size of the receptors such that upon rechromatography they elute in a position coincidental with the 3H-antagonist-pre-labeled receptor peak. Thus, occupancy of the receptors by agonists promotes the formation of a guanine nucleotide-sensitive agonist high affinity form of the receptor which is of larger apparent size presumably due to the association of the receptor with a guanine nucleotide regulatory protein.
Kilpatrick, BF; Caron, MG
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