Functional differences in the beta gamma complexes of transducin and the inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein.
We have examined the mechanism of inhibition of adenylate cyclase using the purified alpha and beta gamma subunits of bovine brain inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein (Ni) (i.e., alpha i and beta gamma N) and bovine retinal transducin (alpha T and beta gamma T) in reconstituted phospholipid vesicle systems. The addition of beta gamma N or beta gamma T to lipid vesicles containing the pure stimulatory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein (Ns) from human erythrocytes as well as a resolved preparation of the catalytic moiety (C) of bovine caudate adenylate cyclase results in significant inhibition of guanine nucleotide stimulated cyclase activity (80-90%). The inhibition by these beta gamma subunit complexes appears to fully account for the inhibitory effects observed with holo-Ni or holotransducin. A variety of structure-function comparisons of the beta gamma N and beta gamma T complexes were performed in order to further probe the molecular mechanisms involved in the inhibitory pathway. Whereas the beta subunits of beta gamma N and beta gamma T appear to be very similar, if not identical, on the basis of comparisons of their gel electrophoretic mobility and immunological cross-reactivity, clear differences exist in the apparent structures of gamma N and gamma T. Interestingly, functional differences are observed in the effectiveness of these two beta gamma complexes to inhibit adenylate cyclase activity. Specifically, while both beta gamma N and beta gamma T are capable of effecting significant levels of inhibition of the guanine nucleotide stimulated activities, the beta gamma N complex is consistently more potent than beta gamma T in inhibiting these activities.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Cerione, RA; Gierschik, P; Staniszewski, C; Benovic, JL; Codina, J; Somers, R; Birnbaumer, L; Spiegel, AM; Lefkowitz, RJ; Caron, MG
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