Identification, quantification, and localization of mRNA for three distinct alpha 1 adrenergic receptor subtypes in human prostate.
The dynamic component of bladder outlet obstruction caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is regulated by alpha 1 adrenergic receptors (alpha 1-AR) located in the prostatic stroma. Recently two alpha 1-AR subtypes (alpha 1A, alpha 1B) have been identified in the human prostate by both functional and pharmacological assays. However, the presence of the alpha 1C subtype has not been evaluated, presumably due to the lack of availability of selective ligands for this receptor subtype. We have used molecular techniques to investigate the mRNA expression of all three alpha 1-AR subtypes in the human prostate. RNA extracted from the prostate gland of 15 patients was used in ribonuclease protection assays to identify the expression of three alpha 1-AR subtype mRNAs. Quantitative solution hybridization assays further identify the predominant subtype of alpha 1-AR mRNA to be the alpha 1C, which represents approximately 70% of the total alpha 1-AR mRNA in the human prostate. Furthermore, in situ hybridization localizes the alpha 1C AR mRNA predominantly to the stromal compartment. The identification of a predominant alpha 1-AR mRNA in human prostate identifies a potential need for subtype selective pharmaceutical agents. These agents could be very important clinically in the treatment of diseases such as BPH.
Price, DT; Schwinn, DA; Lomasney, JW; Allen, LF; Caron, MG; Lefkowitz, RJ
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)