Effector coupling mechanisms of the cloned 5-HT1A receptor.
The signal transduction pathways of the cloned human 5-HT1A receptor have been examined in two mammalian cell lines transiently (COS-7) or permanently (HeLa) expressing this receptor gene. In both systems, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) mediated a marked inhibition of beta 2-adrenergic agonist-stimulated (80% inhibition in COS-7 cells) or forskolin-stimulated cAMP formation (up to 90% inhibition in HeLa cells). This serotonin effect (EC50 = 20 nM) could be competitively antagonized by metitepine and spiperone (Ki = 81 and 31 nM, respectively) and could also be blocked by pretreatment of cells with pertussis toxin. In both cell types, 5-HT failed to stimulate adenylyl cyclase through the expressed receptors. In HeLa cells, 5-HT also stimulated phospholipase C (approximately 40-75% stimulation of formation of inositol phosphates). Again, this effect was inhibited by metitepine. However, the EC50 of 5-HT was considerably higher (approximately 3.2 microM) than that found for inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. Both pathways were demonstrated to be similarly affected by pertussis toxin. These findings indicate that like the M2 and M3 muscarinic cholinergic receptors, the 5-HT1A receptor can couple to multiple transduction pathways with varying efficiencies via pertussis toxin-sensitive G-proteins. The lack of stimulation of cAMP formation by this 5-HT1A receptor may suggest the existence of another pharmacologically closely related receptor.
Fargin, A; Raymond, JR; Regan, JW; Cotecchia, S; Lefkowitz, RJ; Caron, MG
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