Agonist-induced desensitization of the D-2 dopamine receptor in the intermediate lobe of the rat pituitary gland.
The mechanism of agonist-induced desensitization of the D-2 dopamine receptor in the intermediate lobe (IL) of the rat pituitary gland was investigated. Exposure of neurointermediate lobe to 60 microM (-)apomorphine (APO) for 60 min altered the binding of [125I]-N-(p-aminophenethyl)spiperone (NAPS), a D-2 receptor-specific ligand. The capacity of the tissue to bind the ligand (Bmax) was not significantly altered by the exposure to (-)APO but the affinity for [125I]NAPS was decreased 3.6-fold in (-)APO-exposed tissue. The molar potency of YM-09151-2, a D-2 receptor-specific antagonist, showed a minimal difference between in control and (-)-APO-exposed tissue. However, the molar potency of (-)APO towards the D-2 receptor was diminished. The loss of [125I]NAPS binding in (-)APO-exposed tissue was reversed by the addition of guanyl nucleotide. These data suggest that exposure to agonist causes a persistent occupancy of the high affinity state of the receptor. Exposure to (-)APO had no effect on either basal or forskolin-activated adenylate cyclase activity of the intermediate lobe. However, the inhibitory effect of (-)APO upon adenylate cyclase activity of IL homogenates was diminished when the tissue was exposed to (-)APO before homogenization. Furthermore, the ability of GTP but not 5'-guanylyl imidodiphosphate [Gpp(NH)p] to inhibit enzyme activity diminished in the (-)APO-exposed tissue. These data suggest that an agonist-induced desensitization of D-2 receptor in rat IL is thought to occur by uncoupling the receptor from the inhibitory guanyl nucleotide binding protein (Gi) or potentiating the hydrolysis of GTP by Gi.
Agui, T; Amlaiky, N; Caron, MG; Kebabian, JW
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