Fractal texture analysis in computer-aided diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated the use of fractal texture characterization to improve the accuracy of solitary pulmonary nodule computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems. METHODS: Thirty chest radiographs were acquired from patients who had no pulmonary nodules. Thirty regions were selected that were considered remotely suspicious-looking for nodules. Artificial nodules of multiple shapes, sizes, and orientations were added at subtle levels of contrast to 30 non-suspicious-looking regions of the radiographs. Fractal dimensions of the 60 "nodule candidates" were calculated to quantify the texture of each region. Four radiologists also interpreted the images. RESULTS: The fractal dimension of each possible nodule provided statistically significant (P < .05) differentiation between regions that contained an artificial nodule and those that did not. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the fractal analysis was significantly better (P < .05) than that for the radiologists. CONCLUSION: Fractal texture characterization provides useful information for the classification of potential solitary pulmonary nodules with CAD algorithms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Vittitoe, NF; Baker, JA; Floyd, CE

Published Date

  • February 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 4 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 96 - 101

PubMed ID

  • 9061081

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1076-6332

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s1076-6332(97)80005-0


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States