Impact of genetic polymorphisms on heart failure prognosis.
Recent progress in genomic applications have led to a better understanding of the relationship between genetic background and cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure. The broad variability in heart failure patient outcome is in part secondary to modifier genes, i.e. genes that are not involved in the genesis of a disease but modify the severity of the phenotypic expression once the disease has developed. The strategy most commonly used to identify modifier genes is based on association studies between the severity of the phenotype and the sequence variation(s) of selected candidate gene(s). Using this strategy, several polymorphisms of the beta 1 and beta 2-adrenergic receptors genes and the angiotensin converting enzyme gene have been correlated to the prognosis of patients with heart failure. Recently, we have applied an experimental strategy, known as genome mapping, for the identification of heart failure modifier genes. Genome mapping has previously been used with success to identify the genes involved in the development of both monogenic and multifactorial diseases. We have shown that the prognosis of heart failure mice, induced through calsequestrin overexpression, is linked to two Quantitative Trait Loci localized on chromosomes 2 and 3. Using both strategies (candidate gene and genome mapping) should allow us to identify a number of modifier genes that may provide a more rational approach to identify patients with the worst prognosis and to predict their response to therapy.
Le Corvoisier, P; Park, HY; Carlson, KM; Donahue, MP; Marchuk, DA; Rockman, HA
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