Genes for apolipoprotein B and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein are expressed in the heart: evidence that the heart has the capacity to synthesize and secrete lipoproteins.


Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Expression of both the apolipoprotein B (apoB) gene and the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) gene is required for the assembly and secretion of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in the liver and intestine. Both genes have been assumed to be silent in the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS: Northern blot and RNase protection analyses showed that the apoB and MTP genes were expressed in the hearts of mice and humans. In situ hybridization studies revealed that the apoB mRNA was produced in cardiac myocytes. Electron microscopy of human cardiac myocytes revealed lipid-staining particles of relatively small diameter (approximately 250 A) within the Golgi apparatus. CONCLUSIONS: These studies strongly suggest that the heart synthesizes and secretes apoB-containing lipoproteins.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nielsen, LB; Véniant, M; Borén, J; Raabe, M; Wong, JS; Tam, C; Flynn, L; Vanni-Reyes, T; Gunn, MD; Goldberg, IJ; Hamilton, RL; Young, SG

Published Date

  • July 7, 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 98 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 13 - 16

PubMed ID

  • 9665054

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9665054

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-7322

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/01.cir.98.1.13


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States