Mice lacking expression of the chemokines CCL21-ser and CCL19 (plt mice) demonstrate delayed but enhanced T cell immune responses.
The paucity of lymph node T cells (plt) mutation leads to a loss of CCL21 and CCL19 expression in secondary lymphoid organs. plt mice have defects in the migration of naive T cells and activated dendritic cells into the T cell zones of lymphoid organs, suggesting that they would have defects in T cell immune responses. We now demonstrate T cell responses in plt mice are delayed but ultimately enhanced. Responses to contact sensitization are decreased at day 2 after priming but increased at day 6. After subcutaneous immunization, antigen-specific T cell proliferation and cytokine production in plt mice are increased and remain markedly elevated for at least 8 wk. Compared with wild-type mice, a proportion of T cell response in plt mice are shifted to the spleen, and prior splenectomy reduces the T cell response in draining lymph nodes. After immunization of plt mice, T cells and dendritic cells colocalize in the superficial cortex of lymph nodes and in splenic bridging channels, but not in T cell zones. These results demonstrate that plt mice mount robust T cell responses despite the failure of naive T cells and activated dendritic cells to enter the thymus dependent areas of secondary lymphoid organs.
Mori, S; Nakano, H; Aritomi, K; Wang, CR; Gunn, MD; Kakiuchi, T
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