Exercise responses before and after physical conditioning in patients with severely depressed left ventricular function.

Published

Journal Article

The ability of patients with severely impaired left ventricle function to perform short-term exercise and to participate in a cardiac rehabilitation program and attain physical training effects was evaluated. Treadmill exercise tests were performed before and after physical conditioning in 10 patients with a prior myocardial infarction and a left ventricular ejection fraction at rest of less than 27 percent (range 13 to 26) determined by radionuclide angiography. All patients participated in a supervised exercise program with a follow-up period of 4 to 37 (mean 12.7) months. Baseline exercise capacity showed marked variability, ranging from 4.5 to 9.4 (mean 7.0 +/- 1.9) METS, and improved to 5.5 to 14 (mean 8.5 +/- 2.9) METS after conditioning (p = 0.05). The oxygen pulse (maximal oxygen uptake/maximal heart rate) before and after conditioning was used to assess a training effect and increased significantly from 12.8 +/- 2.0 to 15.7 +/- 3.2 ml/beta (p less than 0.01). There was no exercise-related morbidity or mortality, although two patients died during the study period. It is concluded that selected patients with severely imparied left ventricular function can safely participate in a conditioning program and achieve cardiovascular training effects.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Conn, EH; Williams, RS; Wallace, AG

Published Date

  • February 1, 1982

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 49 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 296 - 300

PubMed ID

  • 7058745

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7058745

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9149

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0002-9149(82)90504-5

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States