Hemodynamic and metabolic responses to exercise after adrenoceptor blockade in humans.
(Clinical Trial;Journal Article)
The effects of acute alpha 1-adrenoceptor blockade with prazosin, beta 1-adrenoceptor blockade with atenolol, and nonselective beta-adrenoceptor blockade with propranolol were compared in a placebo-controlled crossover study of the hemodynamic and metabolic responses to acute exercise 2 h after prolonged prior exercise to induce skeletal muscle glycogen depletion, enhancing the dependence on hepatic glucose output and circulating free fatty acids (FFA). Plasma catecholamines were higher during exercise after, as opposed to before, glycogen depletion and were elevated further by all three drugs. Propranolol failed to produce a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure and elevated diastolic blood pressure. Atenolol reduced systolic blood pressure and did not change diastolic blood pressure. Both beta-blockers reduced FFA levels, but only propranolol lowered plasma glucose relative to placebo during exercise after glycogen depletion. In contrast, prazosin reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressures and resulted in elevated FFA and glucose levels. The results indicate important differences in the hemodynamic effects of beta 1-selective vs. nonselective beta-blockade during exercise after skeletal muscle glycogen depletion. Furthermore they confirm the importance of beta 2-mediated hepatic glucose production in maintaining plasma glucose levels during exercise. Acute alpha 1-blockade with prazosin induces reflex elevation of catecholamines, which in the absence of blockade of hepatic beta 2-receptors produces elevation of plasma glucose. The results suggest there is little role for alpha 1-mediated hepatic glucose production during exercise in humans.
McLeod, AA; Brown, JE; Kitchell, BB; Sedor, FA; Kuhn, C; Shand, DG; Williams, RS
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