Site-directed mutagenesis in the effector site of Escherichia coli phosphofructokinase.
A new vector for the expression of phosphofructokinase (pfk-1) was constructed with pEMBL, which allows reliable, inducible, high-expression, and facile mutagenesis of the gene. Two mutants in the effector site of the enzyme were produced by site-specific mutagenesis of residue Tyr-55 to assess the role of its side chain in binding an allosteric inhibitor, phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), and an activator, guanosine 5'-diphosphate (GDP): Tyr-55----Phe-55 and Try-55----Gly-55. The dissociation constant of PEP from the T state is unaffected by the mutations. Mutation of Tyr-55----Phe-55 only slightly increases the dissociation constant of GDP from the R state, indicating a minimal involvement of the hydroxyl group in binding. A 5.5-fold increase in the dissociation constant of GDP on the mutation of Tyr-55----Gly-55 suggests a small hydrophobic interaction of the aromatic ring of the tyrosine residue with guanine of GDP.
Lau, FT; Fersht, AR; Hellinga, HW; Evans, PR
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