Synthesis of human CCK26-33 and CCK-33 related analogues on 2,4-DMBHA and TMBHA.
New analogues of human cholecystokinin in which the Tyr(SO3H) has been replaced by Phe(p-CH2SO3Na), methionines by norleucines, and tryptophan by 2-naphthylalanine([Phe(p-CH2- SO3Na)27,Nle28,31,Nal30]-CCK26-33 and [Phe(p-CH2SO3Na)27,Nle7,28,31,Nal30]-CCK-33) were synthesized by Fmoc solid phase methodology on two different resins (2,4- dimethoxybenzhydrylamine- and 4-(benzyloxy)-2',4'-dimethoxybenzhydrylamine resins, 2,4-DMBHA and TMBHA resins, respectively). While the syntheses on the TMBHA appeared to be more sluggish than those carried out on the 2,4-DMBHA, both final crude products were of equivalent relative purity and after purification gave approximately the same final yields of analogues estimated to have a purity greater than 93% using RPHPLC and CZE. The peptides were further characterized by amino acid analysis and LSIMS. Phe(p-CH2SO3Na)27,Nle7,28,31,Nal30]-CCK-33 was submitted to 33 Edman cycles and shown to be the desired product with less than 3% preview. Both analogues were tested for their ability to stimulate amylase release from isolated rat pancreatic acini. In this assay, [Phe(p-CH2SO3Na)27,Nle28,31,Nal30]-CCK26-33 and Phe(p-CH2SO3Na)27,Nle7,28,31,Nal30]-CCK-33 were 10 and 30 times less potent than CCK-8, respectively.
Miranda, MT; Liddle, RA; Rivier, JE
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