Regulation of pancreatic endocrine function by cholecystokinin: studies with MK-329, a nonpeptide cholecystokinin receptor antagonist.
A cholecystokinin (CCK) receptor antagonist, MK-329, was used to explore the physiological role of CCK in regulating pancreatic endocrine function in humans. The ability of CCK to increase plasma pancreatic polypeptide (PP) concentrations and blockade of this effect with MK-329 were evaluated in a double blind, balanced, four-period cross-over study. Eight subjects received single oral doses of 0.5, 2, or 10 mg MK-329 or placebo, followed by an iv infusion of CCK-8 (34 ng/kg.h). In placebo-treated subjects, PP increased from basal levels of 70 +/- 15 (+/- SE) to peak values of 291 +/- 58 pg/mL after CCK infusion (P less than 0.05 compared to basal). This increase in plasma PP concentration was inhibited in a dose-dependent fashion by MK-329, with 10 mg antagonizing the stimulatory effect of CCK infusion by nearly 80%. Second, the effect of MK-329 on meal-stimulated pancreatic endocrine responses was evaluated by giving placebo or 10 mg MK-329 2 h before ingestion of a mixed meal. Eight subjects were treated in a randomized two-period cross-over fashion. With placebo treatment, peak postprandial plasma insulin, glucagon, and glucose concentrations were 101 +/- 8 microU/mL, 195 +/- 15 pg/mL, and 150 +/- 10 mg/dL, respectively (all P less than 0.05). The integrated PP response following the meal was 56.3 +/- 11.1 ng/mL.minute. With MK-329 treatment, the integrated PP concentration was reduced to 33.9 +/- 2.2 ng/mL.min (P less than 0.05 compared to placebo treatment). Mean postprandial insulin, glucagon, and glucose concentrations did not differ between placebo and MK-329 treatments. We conclude that CCK receptor blockade with 10 mg MK-329 does not alter plasma insulin, glucagon, or glucose responses to a mixed meal. However, the observation that physiological concentrations of CCK increase plasma levels of PP, and the finding that CCK receptor blockade selectively attenuates the postprandial increase in plasma PP concentrations support a physiological role for CCK in regulating PP secretion.
Liddle, RA; Gertz, BJ; Kanayama, S; Beccaria, L; Gettys, TW; Taylor, IL; Rushakoff, RJ; Williams, VC; Coker, LD
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