Intraventricular CCK inhibits food intake and gastric emptying in baboons.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

To evaluate the role of cholecystokinin (CCK) as a physiological regulator of meal size and gastric emptying in the baboon, we measured plasma CCK bioactivity during 30-min meals alone and after intravenous or intraventricular infusions of CCK COOH-terminal octapeptide (CCK-8). Both intravenous (2 micrograms/kg) and intraventricular (1 microgram/kg) CCK-8 administration resulted in plasma CCK elevations comparable with normal prandial CCK levels: peak plasma levels were 4.1 +/- 0.9, 7.1 +/- 1.1, and 4.9 +/- 2.2 pM for pooled intravenous and intraventricular control, intravenous, and intraventricular conditions. Also, both treatments appeared to reduce gastric emptying as indicated by a significant suppression of postprandial plasma insulin and glucose levels. However, only intraventricular CCK reliably reduced meal size (percent of control meal size was 91 +/- 5% or 43 +/- 19% with intravenous or intraventricular CCK). We conclude that circulating endogenous CCK is a potent postprandial endocrine regulator of gastric emptying. However, the ability of CCK to decrease meal size may require direct interaction with the central nervous system.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Figlewicz, DP; Sipols, AJ; Porte, D; Woods, SC; Liddle, RA

Published Date

  • June 1989

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 256 / 6 Pt 2

Start / End Page

  • R1313 - R1317

PubMed ID

  • 2735457

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9513

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajpregu.1989.256.6.R1313


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States