Developmental expression of the glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide gene in rat intestine.
The developmental expression of the glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) gene was investigated in rat intestine. Steady state levels of GIP mRNA were determined in the intestine during fetal and postnatal development by double ribonuclease protection assays. GIP mRNA could be detected as early as day 20 of embryonic development and very low levels remained until postnatal day 3. The GIP mRNA levels increased markedly in the period between days 3 and 5 of postnatal life and then gradually increased toward adult levels. Since intron 1 of the GIP gene contains putative TATA and CCAAT boxes, and some potential cis-acting promoter elements, we examined whether or not another transcript starting from exon 2 of the GIP gene is expressed during development of rat intestine. Ribonuclease protection assays suggested that although an abbreviated transcript might exist starting from exon 2, it appears to be minor and its relative abundance is unchanged during development or following intraduodenal glucose stimulation. These observations suggest that GIP may play an important role in early postnatal development probably associated with suckling.
Higashimoto, Y; Liddle, RA
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)