Atropine enhances food-stimulated CCK secretion in the rat.
The effect of atropine on plasma cholecystokinin (CCK) and pancreatic secretion during intraintestinal infusion of a conventional defined formula liquid diet (Ensure HN, Ross Laboratories, 1.06 kcal/ml) was studied in conscious rats. Rats were prepared with cannulae draining bile and pancreatic juice, which were returned to the duodenum at all times. Pancreatic secretion was monitored during intraduodenal infusion of 0.15 M NaCl for 2 h followed by Ensure HN, both infused at 4.62 ml/h. Rats were infused i.p. with atropine (500 micrograms/kg/h) or vehicle throughout the experiment, beginning 1 h before monitoring of basal pancreatic secretion. Basal and 15 min postprandial plasma CCK concentrations were determined by bioassay. Atropine inhibited basal pancreatic protein secretion by approximately 60%. However, protein secretion during infusion of the diet was not decreased by atropine, due to a larger incremental pancreatic protein secretory response in atropine-treated rats. Plasma CCK 15 min after beginning the diet infusion was significantly increased by atropine (8.09 +/- 1.77 pM in atropine-treated rats versus 3.14 +/- 0.64 pM in controls). The results indicate that rats compensate for loss of cholinergic input to the pancreas by increasing CCK release in response to a meal. This is hypothesized to occur by virtue of reduced feedback inhibition of CCK release due to anticholinergic reduction of basal levels of intestinal protease activity.
Nakano, I; Tawil, T; Spannagel, AW; Liddle, RA; Green, GM
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