Adaptation to fat markedly increases pancreatic secretory response to intraduodenal fat in rats.
Exposure to higher levels of fat in the diet increases the secretion of fat-digesting enzymes in pancreatic juice. This study examines the functional consequences of this phenomenon and demonstrates that adapting rats to high fat (triglyceride) loads increases the release of cholecystokinin (CCK) and the pancreatic secretory response to intraduodenal fat. Lipolytic activity in the small intestine was also higher in adapted rats. Exchanging pancreatic juice from unadapted rats with pancreatic juice from adapted rats decreased the response to fat in adapted rats and increased the response to fat in unadapted rats. Infusing oleic acid into unadapted rats stimulated CCK secretion and pancreatic exocrine secretion to levels observed with triglycerides in adapted rats. Pancreatic exocrine secretion in response to intraduodenal fat in rats adapted to a high-fat (20%) diet were significantly higher than the responses seen in rats fed a low-fat (5%) diet. Adaptation to fat increases the pancreatic secretory and plasma CCK responses to fat, apparently by increasing the efficiency of triglyceride digestion and thereby increasing CCK release.
Spannagel, AW; Nakano, I; Tawil, T; Chey, WY; Liddle, RA; Green, GM
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)